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National romantic style in Saint-Petersburg


National romantic style in Saint-Petersburg appeared as a reaction to the same architectural style in Scandinavia and Finland and was very popular in the beginning of the XX century. This style changed a city image and had a big influence on architecture.

The uniqueness of the national romantic style is the desire to approach to the past using the new technology. It is a combination of a romanticism that slowly goes away, art-nouveau that was very popular and some patterns of the functionalism that will take place in the future. This transition between the past and the future is the reflection of the changing period of time — the beginning of the XX century.

The main characteristic of the style is the usage of both natural materials such as stone and a lot of decorative elements; references to old legends and tales; usage of plant and animals themes, asymmetry and symbolism.

One of the most important architects of national romantic style was F.Lidval. The buildings constructed upon his projects are located in Saint-Petersburg, Helsinki, Stockholm, Riga and other cities.

Дом Лидваля на Каменноостровском

The complex of buildings on Kamennoostrovsky st. 1-3 was constructed for Lidval himself.

Каменноостровский проспект, 1-3
Дом Лидваля
Дом в стиле модерн Лидваля
Каменноостровский, 1-3
Дом Лидваля на Горьковской

Lesnoi, 20. The dome of the buildings is a reference to a Swedish castle Vadstena.

Лесной проспект, 20
Модерн на Лесном проспекте

Дом Лидваля на Лесном проспекте

M.Konushennaya, 3. The combination of art-nouveau techniques with classic ones such as symmetry.

Малая Конюшенная, 3

Kamenoostrovsky, 61 (1906-1907)

Каменноостровский, 61
Дом Лидваля на Каменноостровском, 61

Kamenoostrovsky, 67 (1908-1909)

Каменноостровский проспект, 67

Дом архитектора Маркова
Модерн Маркова

Модерн на Каменноостровском

Дом в стиле модерн Маркова
Дом в стиле северный модерн Маркова

Bolshoi prospekt, 44 (1906-1907). One of the best examples of the national romantic style.

Большой проспект Петроградской стороны, 44Дом Претро

Модерн на Большом проспекте
Дом Претро северный модерн

Большой пр. ПС, 44

Большой пр. ПС, 44
Большой пр., 44

Kovensky, 23 (1911-1912)

Ковенский переулок, 23
Дом Бубыря на Ковенском

12 line of Vasilyevsky island, 19 (1913-1914)

12-я линия Васильевского острова, 19

2 line of Vasilyevsky island, 29 (1906)

2-я линия Васильевского острова, 29
Дом фон Постельса

Lenina st., 33 (1910)

Улица Ленина, 33

Kronverksky, 23 (1911-1912)

Кронверкский, 23

Ispolkomskaya, 5 (1910-1911)

Исполкомская улица, 5

Stremyannaya, 11 (1906-1907)

Стремянная, 11
Дом Бубыря на Стремянной
Северный модерн на Стремянной

Kovensky, 7 (1911-1912). French Catholic church.

Ковенский переулок, 7
Католическая церковь на Ковенском

Nekrasova, 58-60 (1912)

Некрасова, 58-60

Жилой дом
Дом Бассейного товарищества

Дом в стиле модерн на Некрасова

Дом Виррих и Зазерского
Бассейное товарищество на Некрасова

Pl. Muzhestva (1913-1914)

Особняк Котлова

Rentgena, 9 (1907)

Особняк на улице Рентгена

Рентгена, 9
Особняк в стиле северный модерн
Особняк в стиле модерн на Рентгена
Особняк в стиле модерн на Петроградской

You can see a map below with all the buildings mentioned in the post.

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